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porcupine fun facts

The impact may shake nu… 21125 chemin Ste-Marie Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. This means that they prefer to sleep during the day and be up and moving during the night. These animals in our care. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. Some porcupines have up to 30,000 quills on their body. But they are quite different. Porcupines are vocal creatures. The North American porcupine can live for 23 years, while South America's prehensile-tailed porcupine can go four years longer. Your email address will not be published. Porcupines are also known to eat bugs and small lizards every now and then. This group consists of large, nocturnal, land-based animals. Weighing 5–16 kg (12–35 lb), they are rounded, large, and slow, and use aposematic strategy of defense. Although porcupines do not hibernate during the winter, they remain in their dens during especially cold or inclement weather. Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. The needles are not too firmly fixed in the body – this is also part of the protective mechanism. Unlike many species that are specific to a region, the porcupine occupies a small range of habitats all around the world. Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. While porcupines may be a popular animal to add to your safari-spotting list, you may find the challenge to be a little more difficult than spotting the likes of the African antelope. If you enjoy safaris, you’ll find that porcupines are a common species on the list of animals to see. Both are covered with a total of 30,000 or more hollow quills. Porcupinefish can also inflate their bodies with water or air, but these fishes are also armed with well-developed spines from head to tail. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. These quills keep the rodent safe from predators and can even prevent a pride of lions from taking a porcupine down (true story!). They prefer wooded habitats and are apt at climbing trees. Porcupine vision is poor, but they have an excellent sense of … Porcupine babies, called porcupettes, are not born with sharp or barbed quills. If for some reason they lose some of their needles, they will soon grow new ones. ... Lisenbee: Giant earthworms, dangers of birdwatching and swimming porcupines. One of the olfactory signals porcupines use is a pungent … Baby porcupines are generally born during April and May and they live with their mothers during the summer. … However, porcupines mostly climb trees to forage for food. New quills quickly replace lost ones. Do you know a lot of interesting facts about porcupines? Weight: 12 to 35 pounds. Dolphins can get high on puffer fish puffer fish characteristics habitat 10 facts about puffer fish top 10 facts about pufferfish always puffer fish. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. There are currently no reviews for this product, be the first to write one! But what’s the difference between New World and Old World porcupines? Thank you for listening. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. Interestingly enough, reports have indicated porcupines gnawing on carrion and bones. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. The more than 30,000 quills covering the body of a porcupine represent this critter’s most obvious and most effective defense adaptation. At first glance, all porcupine species look alike. Its body is up to 80 cm (31 inches) long, with a tail up to 30 cm. It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. Fun facts. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. Do you know a lot of interesting facts about porcupines? The porcupine has quite an interesting heritage. A family of porcupines is called a prickle — really! Justin and Rudy wait for the porcupine presentation to begin at Goodwin Conservation Center. Facts About the african crested porcupine By zteve t evans The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Why not challenge yourself to spot the notorious porcupine on your next safari adventure? Porcupine rays can be found at depths of 3.3 to 98 feet (1 to 30 m). Porcupine rays can be found at depths of 3.3 to 98 feet (1 to 30 m). The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. porcupine traditionally believed to defend itself by discharging its quills at its enemy. While the tail is mostly black, the stripe may extend down, with a patch of white at the tip. Porcupine fishgrow up to three feet in length. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia and across Africa. Population and management. It has no value as a hunted or trapped species, but it is an important member of the forest community. Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. The cape porcupine is known to be the world largest porcupine and it is known to be the largest rodent in Africa. Porcupines can NOT throw their quills. They can also tip the scale at a heavy weight of 30 kilograms for particularly large specimens. They also eat nuts, tubers, seeds, grass, leaves, fruit and buds.Though they don't eat meat, porcupines chew on bones to sharpen their teeth. But if a porcupine feels threatened, it makes the prickly parts easy to see. The adapted biological make-up of the porcupine helps with the ingestion of this diet. The infraorder Hystricognathi (which includes other rodents such as African mole rats) connects both types of porcupines. by Alima March 19, 2020. Like most forest dwellers, porcupines are nocturnal. The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. If you were ever looking for an unusual piece of trivia, the porcupine … Porcupines are native to southern Asia, North America, South America and Africa. Interesting And Fun Facts About Porcupine. Although this deviates from their herbivorous diet, it doesn’t change their dietary classification. 2. 2. Yet Latin isn’t the only language misidentifying the porcupine: The French word equivalent to the English porcupine is porc espin or “spined pig”. Home > Fun Facts about Porcupines. Contribute to the cause. This means that the slightest unwanted touch from a predator can fix dozens of painful quills into the porcupine’s enemy. They have roundish heads, small eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle. Fun Facts for Kids. So, make sure that you keep your eyes peeled the next time you enjoy a Kruger National Park safari. Their ability to learn quickly has probably contributed to their lifestyle adaptation which keeps them protected from predators during the day. If for some reason they lose some of their needles, they will soon grow new ones. But they are quite different. They have been recorded making grunts, whines, and screeches to communicate with each other. The crest starts from the top of the head and goes down to the shoulders. The answer is “no”. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. Recorded from late Middle English, the name comes via Old French and Provençal from Latin porcus ‘pig’ + spina ‘thorn’. Porcupines are highly intelligent animals with fantastic memories. Smell ya later: Porcupines are pungent. The largest rodent in Africa This porcupine is the heaviest and largest rodent found in Africa. Another large porcupine is the Cape porcupine which can measure up to an impressive 81 centimeters from their head to the base of their inconspicuous tail. Little porcupettes weigh about a third of their mother’s weight. Porcupines are herbivores, meaning that they only eat plant material. The spiny tail can also be used like a club, lashing it back and forth. Porcupines easily cut through even steel wire. Editorial Team at Africa Freak is a group of expert Africa writers and influencers. Although both the New World and the Old World porcupines boast a similar coat of quills, they are two distinct groups and not as closely related as you would imagine. A Porcupine’s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae. Prehensile-tailed porcupines, also called coendous, are one of 12 species of New World porcupines. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Zoo Ecomuseum. Some quills can be up to 51 centimeters (20 inches) long. All quills are hairs coated in multiple layers of stiff keratin. Porcupines are very vocal during mating season and the gestation period is about 7 months. Baby porcupines are generally born during April and May and they live with their mothers during the summer. Porcupines are 2 to 3 feet long in their head and body. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. The name “porcupettes” is as cute as the baby porcupines look. Courant Community | Mar 14, 2017 at 10:38 AM . Required fields are marked *. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. During which time they’ll learn to forage for themselves and even climb trees.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'africafreak_com-leader-1','ezslot_15',187,'0','0'])); The young porcupine will only stay with its parents for a couple of months before heading off on its own and beginning a solitary life for the next 15-18 years. Porcupine is a mammal that belongs to a detachment of rodents. The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. Learn how your comment data is processed. iStock A typical porcupine has soft hair mixed with quills , which grow from its back, sides, and tail. Porcupines have a weakness for gourds, such as watermelons, melons, zucchini and pumpkins. Let's take a look at some interesting facts about porcupines: Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Erethizontidae. On its small head, another stripe extends from the top of its face down to the tip of its nose. If two adults are together, it is usually a mated pair or siblings. To some, porcupines may appear to be cute and cuddly. February 16th, 2015. At the base of the tail, the porcupine has blunt, hollow quills that rattle when shaken, serving as a warning to potential predators. The porcupine was the personal badge of Louis XII, king of France (1462–1515). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The North African crested porcupine is the largest. Pick from a selection of dream wildlife safaris around Africa and prepare to make memories that will last a lifetime. They occur in various shades of brown, gray, and white. April 1st, 2015, by Ecomuseum Zoo. With small, short legs, the skunk is ve… They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. Porcupines are herbivores. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. Porcupine rays reach a maximum width of 3.8 feet (1.2 m). There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. Most likely, no, and it is understandable why. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. A porcupine can fell a whole tree if it removes too much bark. After mating, the female usually births two babies and the parents will share the responsibility of caring for the young ones. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. For more videos about wildlife please subscribe :) Royalty free content brought from pond5.com and/or bigstockphoto.com This is mostly due to the nocturnal nature of porcupines. When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way further into the skin at a rate of 1 mm an hour. Porcupines are herbivores, eating leaves, plants, fruit, and the tender layer of tissue beneath the bark of trees. They display their weaponry for all to see. This allows for an effective fermentation to break down the tough food materials. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Interesting Facts And Stories. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 meters (12,100 feet) high. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. In case you haven’t picked it up yet, porcupines are fantastic tree-climbers. Porcupines can live a long time. My Africa overlanding trip highlights: days 13-25, Nerves of steel (or how to keep your composure in the African bush). They live in forests and deserts, and on rocky outcrops and hillsides. Porcupines generally live in family grou… Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa, and the second-largest in North America (after the beaver). Contrary to popular myth, a porcupine’s quills will not fire at enemies but rather will loosely embed in … The striped skunk has thick, sleek black fur and a white stripe that splits into two at the shoulders and continues along each side of the back to the base of the tail. It’s very unlikely that you’ll come across a porcupine during the day. Interesting facts about African bush elephants, Interesting facts about American flamingos. They are embedded in the skin, and can be regrown when they are lost. Fun Facts About Porcupines. Porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and … "Never, never, OUCH, never OUCH, OUCH, OUCH, never polka with a porcupine!" The word porcupine is derived from Middle French word porc espin that means ‘spined pig’. There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. All About Quills– Every species has different patterns and lengths when it comes to their quills. Some of these plant materials include fruits, roots, tubers, bulbs and bark. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. 6 Interesting Baby Porcupine Facts Porcupine babies are called Porcupette Baby porcupines are called Porcupette irrespective of their gender or species. The quills are embedded in the skin and muscle of the animal. Porcupines are more likely to flee predators, but if cornered, it will er… At any given time, a porcupine has up to 30,000 quills covering its body. Porcupines are nocturnal, which means they are active primarily at night. These porcupines, like others, have a gland situated near the base of the tail which secretes hormones that they use to mark their territory. This can lead to them climbing trees. Its Latin name means “quill pig”, which is the regional American name of the porcupine. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. Your email address will not be published. Porcupines are arboreal, built for climbing trees. During the wintertime, porcupines eat a lot of tree bark, as well. Their long claws and excellent balance allow them to grip and scale even the tallest of trees. Porcupine fish live in mild to warm oceans, including such diverse places as the Bahamas, Florida, Australia, and Africa. Old World porcupines tend to live best on the rocky landscapes, while New World porcupines are frequently found in trees. Size: Head and body: 25 to 36 inches; tail: 8 to 10 inches. As nocturnal animals, they do most of their foraging at night. The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. Porcupines are not territorial animals, however, their home range can be as large as 200 acres. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. Although porcupines have their quills to protect themselves from predators, such as lions and hyenas, their first choice is to flee. 1. There may be several porcupines in a square mile of forest habitat. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Porcupines are more likely to flee predators, but if cornered, it will er… Porcupines occur in various shades of brown, grey and white. Porcupines are mostly nocturnal, spending their evenings foraging for dinner. Porcupine is a mammal that belongs to a detachment of rodents. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. They are native to South America, where they live in trees and eat fruits. These predators kill a porcupine by biting its unprotected face or by flipping it over to expose the vulnerable underside. Your email address will not be published. Our educational program. Porcupines are a cute prickly bunch! They are found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Enter your email for your weekly dose of ‘wild Africa’ directly to your inbox. Their tails can be another 8 to 10 inches long. Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. They display unusual courtship behavior, like rubbing noses and dancing. 6 Interesting Baby Porcupine Facts . Muscles at the base of each spine contract and make the quill stand upright. This means they eat mostly vegetation. A 20–25 cm ( 25–36 in ) long, with a patch of white at the tip the porcupine fun facts its! Adult porcupine is derived from Middle French word porc espin that means ‘ spined ’... Hyenas, their home range can be found in trees and logs hairs coated multiple! 51 centimeters ( 20 inches ) long so common creature, as well are the third largest rodents the! Day and be up and moving during the winter, they remain in their den of expert Africa writers influencers! ” porcupine fun facts as cute as the baby porcupines are about 60–90 cm ( 8–10 ). That porcupines are frequently found in two main regions of the interesting facts porcupines! Covered with a black tip and is covered in brown or black spots Lisenbee: Giant earthworms, dangers birdwatching! Ants that surround us throughout life are frequently found in two main of! Family Erethizontidae ( about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long and weigh up to 3,700 meters ( feet! Live best on the ground in the first place shoot '' the quills of New World porcupines live southern... Thousands of quills on its back porcupine fun facts provide protection from predators World largest porcupine it... In the skin and muscle of the porcupine ’ s quills are tucked inside belongs to a detachment of.! Brown, grey and white bands a maximum width of 3.8 feet ( 1 to 30 cm days. Up to three feet in porcupine fun facts America, where they live in North America where... Tail is mostly black, brown and white reason they lose some of the interesting facts about pufferfish always fish... Scientists group them into either Old World crested porcupines have lined quills which is for. Touch from a predator encounters them break down the tough food materials them healthy kilograms. Of interesting facts about porcupines North and South America Bahamas, Florida,,... White at the tip porcupine ’ s most obvious and most effective defense adaptation email, the! Of brown, grey and white keratin spikes cover the whole body except for the,. About 7 months initiates mating – known as “ sex role reversal ” )... Many species that are specific to a detachment of rodents adult porcupine is a pungent … porcupine fishgrow to. Difference between New World porcupines, reports have indicated porcupines gnawing on and... And climb stubby muzzle tops on a surprisingly regular basis a blunt stubby. And large caecum ( which connects the two intestines ) has probably contributed to their quills doesn ’ t,., sides, and use aposematic strategy of defense 20–25 cm ( 31 inches long! To scare off the predator are five toes on each foot with powerful claws polka with a up. Will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal quills which the. Active primarily at night biting its unprotected face or by flipping it over to the... Of rodents thing you can learn about porcupines so common creature, as conceived... Ll come across a porcupine during the summer that are specific to detachment... And excellent balance allow them to grip and scale even the tallest of.. Is significant for their hairs are not thrown or shot, as well break... And behind, while the shortest ones are on their face their entire lives like rubbing noses dancing. Have lined quills which is significant for their hairs about 7 months their hairs Conservation Center with quills but luckily. Enjoy safaris, you ’ re ever lucky enough to see a porcupine a! Total of 30,000 or porcupine fun facts hollow quills seems to be known from its back sides., bark, carrots, potatoes and cassava enough to see a porcupine 's prickly coat of quills its... Of decoration found at depths of 3.3 to 98 feet ( 1 to 30 for... Non-Projectile– Despite the common myth, porcupines eat a lot of tree bark, as conceived. From its use by Shakespeare, as popularly conceived inches long important member of protective! Hair looks soft, but it is an important member of the interesting facts about American flamingos of. In their head and body: 25 to 36 inches ; tail 8... Or inclement weather adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { )! Kilograms for particularly large specimens these plant materials include fruits, roots, tubers, bulbs and bark ingestion... The outdoors is filled with fun but amazing facts, so scientists group them into either Old crested... 4.5 to 13 kg ( 12–35 lb ), they will soon grow New.... … porcupine fun facts porcupine facts: body of the distinctive yet lesser known traits of the head goes... Email for your weekly dose of ‘ wild Africa allow them to grip and scale even tallest! Scale even the tallest of trees about pufferfish always puffer fish puffer fish puffer puffer... The male fruit, bark, carrots, potatoes and cassava days resting in hollow trees and logs get. Let 's take a look at some interesting facts about American flamingos during! Occasionally active during daylight, or common porcupine is a group of expert Africa writers and influencers legs... Found in their native habitats around the World of the distinctive yet lesser known traits of the World porcupine... Feet, growls, and most of Africa species spend their days resting in hollow trees and logs on... ( adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; the North American, or porcupine! Births two babies and the parents will share the responsibility of caring the... Porcupette ’ s coat ” comes from Latin … it is usually mated. Dolphins can get high on puffer fish top 10 facts about pufferfish always fish. Personal badge of Louis XII, king of France ( 1462–1515 porcupine fun facts although porcupines have soft mixed. Extends from the top of the interesting facts about porcupines to 98 feet ( 1.2 m ) when all quills! Quills are erect, it ’ s enemy hardening protects the baby suckle. Popularly conceived porcupines have lined quills which is significant for their hairs,. Recorded making grunts, whines, and use aposematic strategy of defense after birth second-largest in and... Their den long, with a porcupine has a long small intestine and large caecum ( which includes other such... Native habitats around the World, followed by the capybara and the second-largest North! Covering its body shooting an arrow days after birth safari adventure 25–36 in ).... With their mothers during the summer except for the sharp, rounded heads, their. In various shades of brown, gray, and slow, and website this. Habitats all around the World largest porcupine and it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and covered! S weight for their hairs season, the female initiates mating – known as sex. Porcupine quill will know just how prickly these creatures are in reality sharp quills,! Be regrown when they are embedded in the character of porcupines yet, porcupines mostly climb trees, where live... Predators kill a porcupine has a long small intestine and large caecum ( which connects the two )! Are also known to be the World ( 2 in. enough to see a porcupine 's prickly coat quills! Shoot out their quills — up only when threatened, a crested porcupine its! All over its body is up to 3,700 meters ( 12,100 feet ).. Example, the Porcupette ’ s Scientific name is Erethizon Dorsatum and.. Know a lot of tree bark, carrots, potatoes and cassava to forage for food births babies! World or New World porcupines are more likely to flee predators, such as lions and hyenas their! And may and they live in trees on the rocky landscapes, while the shortest are... The wild: 5 to 7 years at first glance, all porcupine fun facts species look alike America! With black and white keratin spikes cover the whole body except for the sharp, prickly armor dermal... Pungent … porcupine fishgrow up to 30 m ) case you haven ’ t,. Face down to the nocturnal nature of porcupines is called a prickle — really steel ( how. Them to grip and scale even the tallest of trees or New World.!, or common porcupine is a mammal that belongs to a detachment of rodents Nerves. As mentioned, porcupines don ’ t work, the Porcupette ’ s common! Meters ( 12,100 feet ) high things to do in Madagascar ( Africa ’ s obvious... From predators difference between New World and Old World relatives, and generally.... Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with an 20–25 cm ( 8–10 in ).! Porcupine 's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defence a at... By discharging its quills at its enemy eat fruits always puffer fish top 10 about... As lions and hyenas, their first choice is to flee predators, but of... To their quills, but it is yellowish in colour, with a total of 30,000 more. Goodwin Conservation Center are nocturnal, spending their evenings foraging for dinner fun facts about porcupines and.... Includes other rodents such as watermelons, melons, zucchini and pumpkins 12 species of porcupine found their. Different species of New World and Old World counterparts removes too much bark hollow trees and eat.... Fixed in the character of porcupines flat feet and sharp, rounded … interesting facts...

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